Pet Urine Smell and Your Carpet
You have probably asked yourself:
“Why Does Pet Urine Smell So Bad?”
First, in order to completely remove pet odor from carpets you need to understand its properties and how bacteria affects carpet. It smells because it is mostly bacteria feeding on moisture and a food source of varying contaminants.
Urine is comprised of a concentration of waste products such as urea, urine acid, sodium chloride and other detoxified substances. The ammonia smell comes from decaying urine, urine salts and bacteria. This crystallized urine residue, left to dry in the carpet, may reproduce odors during the warmer more humid months. Simply adding water to a urine deposit can also reactivate the odors.
The bacteria will continue to grow as long as there is a food source or moisture. The food sources can include but are not limited to other bacteria, mold spores, dust mite feces, human dead skin cells, pet hair / dander, other airborne allergens and left behind cleaning products such as soap, shampoos, detergents and pet store products.The smell can also contaminate your clothing, furniture and is not safe for the respiratory system. So cleaning pet urine must be done properly and hiring a professional is highly recommended.
To completely remove urine smell the carpet padding may need to be replaced. If the pet urine has soaked into the sub-floor, you will need to treat it with an enzyme or anti-microbial solution. In severe cases the sub-floor may need to be sealed. Once the padding is replaced and the sub-floor treated, you can move forward with the cleaning process. The recommended way is with hot water extraction performed by a carpet cleaning specialist.
Enzyme Pet Urine Treatments
What exactly is happening when we use an enzyme treatment?
Enzymes are part of our daily lives. Metabolic enzymes run our bodies, digestive enzymes break down the food we eat into a chemical structure our bodies can absorb and specific enzymes are found in our saliva that actually start the digestive process. Without them we simply could not survive.
But how does that relate to treating pet urine?
Simply put, the enzymes we use to remove pet odors from carpet are effective because something else looks at the urine contamination as food. When you hear someone talk about "bug count" or about the amount of "bugs" that are in their product they aren't talking about the enzymes themselves. They are talking about the bacteria that produce the enzymes.
Here's the deal. When the bacteria in an enzyme treatment are put into an environment where they sense food (i.e. when we spray it on urine) they begin to react. These bacteria can't process the contamination into food by themselves, so they produce the enzymes to break the contamination down into a form that the bacteria can metabolize. Once this process is complete the bacteria reproduces and in turn creates more enzymes to break down even more of the contamination to consume. This cycle continues until either there is no contamination left or the environment becomes inhospitable to the bacteria.
Since we're working on the molecular level, even though there are millions of these reactions taking place every second it still takes time for these enzymes to do their jobs. Typically 40 minutes to seventy two hours dwell time is ideal for most treatments depending on the severity of the problem but enzyme activity can continue for up to two weeks (so long as there is even residual moisture in the carpet). After enzyme treatment is complete a hot water extraction is highly recommended to prevent soiling and further staining.
Clean Green Carpets 877-202-9965